Methods of Acquiring Insight, Knowledge, and Skills Regarding Self-Protection in Incidents and Chemical Warfare for the New Students of School of Army Nursing

Monireh Ebadi, Simin-Taj Sharififar, Armin Zareiyan

Abstract


BACKGROUND: Reviewing the history of human warfare, particularly recent wars, indicates that many countries have hidden or apparent access to chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons. The Iraqi Ba'athist regime used mustard gas against Iran 92 times during the war and its long-term complications can still be observed among the victims. In fact, the lack of correct attitude, knowledge, and skills regarding crisis management and protective measures caused Iran to be the biggest victim of chemical weapons in the world. This article tried to provide methods to gain insight, knowledge, and skills regarding protective measures for chemical warfare for the new students of the School of Army Nursing, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

METHODS: This descriptive survey explored methods to gain insight, knowledge, and skills regarding protective measures for chemical warfare for the new students of the Army Nursing School. The study participants consisted of 78 nursing students who had not received military trainings in the School of Nursing. The data gathering tool was a questionnaire and a researcher-made checklist. To determine the validity and reliability of the data collection tool, face validity and Cronbach's alpha were used, respectively. Results were analyzed using statistical tests in SPSS software (P ≤ 0.05).

RESULTS: According to the findings, the methods of acquiring knowledge on chemical warfare were Basij, high school defense preparedness course, broadcasting media, and textual sources with mean scores of 32.7, 37.7, 35.1, and 32, respectively. Moreover, the mean of insight regarding chemical warfare training methods were 102.8 for Basij trainings, 108.6 for high school defense preparedness course, 92.87 for broadcasting media, and 103.6 for newspaper and books. ANOVA test showed no significant difference in the methods of acquiring knowledge
(P = 0.94) and insight (P = 0.16) (P > 0.05). This indicated that there were no significant differences among students regarding the knowledge and insight of chemical warfare methods. The impact of Basij on preparing students for self-protection was 44.18, high school defense preparedness course was 45.78, broadcasting media was 42.62, and newspaper and books were 44.07. This indicated a statistically significant difference in the methods of acquiring personal protection skills during chemical attacks (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Due to being at the forefront and confronting such events, raising the awareness of army nurses and training them appropriate skills is essential. Lack of such preparation or believing that such preparation is unnecessary is a disaster. In addition, medical centers and other accident-related organizations should hold workshops in this regard.


Keywords


Chemical Warfare; Personal Protection; Knowledge; Skills; Nursing Students

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